Does Swimming Make Scoliosis Worse? (SWIMMING WITH SCOLIOSIS) by Dr Walter Salubro

Swimming is overall a
great form of exercise, but for those with scoliosis, does
swimming makes scoliosis worse? Should those with
scoliosis even do swimming? The answer may surprise
you. Keep watching. In today’s video I’m going to give you
a brief overview of scoliosis and also share with you what the research
says about scoliosis and swimming. Hi there, I’m Dr. Walter, Salubro. Chiropractor in Vaughan right here at
back to health chiropractic center. The place where chronic pain sufferers
come for corrective chiropractic methods that help to alleviate pain, reduce
inflammation, increased mobility, and increased overall quality of
life without using drugs, injections, or surgery. Scoliosis is defined as a lateral bending
or sideways bending of the spine of 10 degrees or more with rotation
of the spinal vertebra. Due to this rotation, scoliosis is actually considered to be
a three dimensional deformity of the spine. There is also a three dimensional
deformity with the posture that is seen as scoliosis, which is often detected in the rotation
of the rib cage or a tilting of the shoulders. There are many types of scoliosis and I
discussed them all and this video right up here. Check out this card up here. The most common type of scoliosis is
called idiopathic scoliosis which occurs 80% of the time. The highest risk of progression
and scoliosis is in kids, adolescents and then teens who have
yet to reach skeletal maturity. It is all it’s best to have your child
or teenager get screened for scoliosis. The key to preventing progression in
scoliosis and the key to getting the right treatment at the right time is early
detection and that’s what an early screening can do. When
scoliosis is detected early, the most appropriate care
can be prescribed with the
goal of preventing surgery and increasing the
overall quality of life. But what about swimming and scoliosis?
Does swimming makes scoliosis worse? Before I answer this question, I want to
review with you some research studies, break them down and then
give you my impression. I will review with you three studies that
looked at swimming spinal deformities and the incidence of
scoliosis in swimmers. The first study I want to review with
you is by Zaina et al published in the journal of pediatrics in 2015 Zaina at al. Did a cross sectional study and they
looked at 112 adolescent competitive swimmers and they compared them
to 217 students of the same age. These adolescent competitive swimmers
trained at least four times and sometimes up to seven times a week for an average
of two to two and a half hours per training session. They collected that
um, with a low back questionnaire. They measured trunk rotation with a
bundle scoliometer to screen for scoliosis and also measured the plumb line distances
for kyphosis and lordosis and this is what the authors found. Swimming was associated with an increased
risk of trunk asymmetries swimming also increased hyperkyphosis.
That’s the slouching posture. Swimming increased hyperlordosis which
means more arching of the lower back of note. The authors also found that swimming
increased the risk of low back pain in females Zaina at al. The authors
of the study concluded and I quote, although swimming has been considered a
complete sport and treatment option for scoliosis, our data contradict
that approach. End quote. In essence the study concluded that
those adolescents that swim regularly are more likely to have scoliosis. The second study is by Becker published
in 1986 in the Clinics and Sports Medicine journal. Becker
evaluated 336 adolescent swimmers, 193 women in 173 men. The author concluded that
6.9% of competitive swimmers
in each category showed signs of structural idiopathic scoliosis
and each group also showed signs of a mild functional scoliosis.
Becker concluded and I quote, the high repetition nature of
competitive swimming causes imbalances of musculature and adolescent
athlete scoliosis as a
musculoskeletal condition of the adolescent can be detected and high
incidents among swimmers or into the training phenomenon, end quote. The third study I want to share with
you is by Milenkovic at al published and Facta Universitatis, Physical
Education and Sports Series in 2012. Milenkovic and his team assessed 30 male
and female elite swimmers aged 13 to 26 they assessed their postural status
and their anthropometric measurements. This means they checked their posture
and did other body measurements as well. The result of their research showed that
the scoliotic bad posture was found in all participants. The authors
concluded and I quote, we were able to determine the existence
of postural disorders of the spinal column in a greater percentage than
expected, end quote. There you have it. The conclusions of these
three studies are clear. There is a higher incidence of scoliosis
in competitive swimmers compared to non-swimmers of the same age and swimming. There is cyclical and repetitive body
movements that can lead to imbalances in spinal musculature and this may explain
the higher incidence of scoliosis in swimmers. The body movements that’s inherent in
swimming may pose a risk for adolescents and teens aged 10 to 18 because this is
the time the spine goes through rapid growth. So does swimming
make scoliosis worse? Especially in adolescents and teens? Well, based on the nature of the body of humans
and repetition involved in swimming, it’s possible that swimming
may make scoliosis worse. Should someone with scoliosis do swimming? Although swimming is really a
good form of exercise overall. Based on the research I just reviewed, it might be a good idea for an adolescent
or a teen with scoliosis or anyone of any age with scoliosis to avoid
swimming. Now it’s your turn. I want to hear from you. Have you
been diagnosed with scoliosis? What type of care or treatments have
you done? What’s worked for you, what hasn’t worked for you? Please
tell me in the comments below. I’d like to hear your story and I do
my best to reply to any comments and questions as well. And
if you liked this video, give me a thumbs up down below
so I know that you liked it. And if you haven’t subscribed
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notifications of the videos I put out on a weekly basis with content just like
this. Thanks again for watching. See on the next video, To learn more about how
corrective chiropractic care
Back To Health Chiropractic Centre can help you with your
chronic pain problem, visit Back To Health Chiropractic Centre is
located at 20 Cranston Park Avenue, #6 Vaughan, Ontario, L6A 2W2.

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